Consistory, or 32nd Degree jewels are worn by members of a Scottish Rite Valley who have obtained the 32nd Degree, called "Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret". In the United States, becoming a 32nd Degree Scottish Rite Mason entitles one to full privileges of the valley, such as voting and holding officer positions. Because of this, many pieces of Scottish Rite jewelry feature this symbol.
The degree was likely established in the mid 1700's.
The jewel is a Teutonic cross and often features the double-headed eagle. It often bears the name of the valley where the degree was conferred, or the name of the consistory that conferred it. Sometimes, the breast of the jewel features an inverted delta with the number "32".
This jewel features a gold Teutonic Cross with the numerals XXXII surrounded by a laurel wreath in the center and suspended from a white ribbon. The Teutonic Cross was probably adopted because the Grand Constitutions of 1786 were believed to be authored by the Prussian King, Frederick the Great, and the Teutonic Knights were the preeminent German order of knighthood. The laurel wreath is the ancient symbol of victory and triumph, and it is used throughout Scottish Rite Regalia. Here it can signify the triumph of attaining the Royal Secret.
Commander-in-Chief jewels in the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction are exactly like the ones above, but are often encircled in a wreath. Sometimes the words "Laus Deo" (Praise be to God) are appended. It usually capped with a duchal crown and suspended from a red-and-white ribbon, topped with a sword.
This jewel indicates a person has been elected the Commander-in-Chief of a Consistory. This indicates usually over a decade of commitment to the Scottish Rite and service to his local Scottish Rite Valley.